The Presidential Government System brings a cabinet with 16 ministers; 4 offices alongside with 9 councils directly answering to the president that will work on issues concerning all ministries will also be founded.

All authority and decisions will belong to the President in the new system within which the parliament’s power to check and set a budget is lifted.

Sibel Hürtaş 

Turkey not only determined the Presidency and the Parliament in the June 24 elections but also opened the door to a new government system. The new government system in Turkey is now the Presidential Government System.

So, how will the system work? Since the adjustment laws regarding the functioning of the new system could not be passed in the Parliament following the April 16 Constitutional Referendum because of the early elections, it was decided that the adjustment regulations would be carried out by Authority Decrees. While the authority decrees are expected, the details of the Presidential Government System have been revealed as well. A Cabinet, which cannot be checked by the Parliament, will be at the center and 4 offices that will work on issues concerning the Ministries in the Cabinet will be established. These offices will work in association with the Presidency. The details of the system are following:

A CABINET WILL BE FORMED

The former Cabinet that had 26 ministers will be replaced by a Cabinet with 16 ministers. The ministers will answer to the President. The Ministry of Science, Industry, and Technology and the Ministry of Development will be united under the title “Ministry of Industry and Technology.” The Ministry of Customs and Trade and the Ministry of Economy will be united under the title of “Ministry of Trade,” while the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock and the Ministry of Forestry will be united as the “Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.”

THE MINISTRY FOR EU AFFAIRS TO BE ABOLISHED

One of the most striking changes is witnessed at the Ministry for EU Affairs. The ministry, which was founded in 2011 by the AK Party Government in order to undertake harmonization works to the European Union under the roof of a ministry, will now be under the umbrella of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the new system. This change is noteworthy in the sense that the AK Party Government is walking away from its EU goals.

THE MINISTRY OF FAMILY WILL ALSO BE ABOLISHED

The Ministry of Family and Social Policies and the Ministry of Labor and Social Security will also be united within the scope of the new system. The title of the new ministry will be the “Ministry of Labor and Social Services.” Women raised their objections to this regulation. Canan Güllü, the chairperson of the Federation of Women’s Associations of Turkey, voices her criticism by saying “It’s incredible in a country where half of its population is made up of women.” Güllü draws attention to the danger that is brought about by abolishing the Ministry of Family in Turkey where cases of femicide and child abuse multiply every passing day.

OFFICES WILL DESIGNATE THE PRACTICES OF MINISTRIES

4 offices that will undertake activities of concern for all ministries and that will be directly answering to the President will be established. These offices, which will be named the Office of Finance, Office of Human Resources, Office of Digital Transformation, and Office of Investment, will prepare policies for ministries.

9 COUNCILS WILL BE ESTABLISHED

9 councils will be established within the scope of the new system as well. These councils with the titles of the Council of Local Government Policies, Council of Social Policies, Council of Health and Food Policies, Council of Culture and Art Policies, Council of Legal Policies, Council of Security and Foreign Policies, Council of Economic Policies, Council of Educational Policies, and Council of Scientific, Technological, and Innovative Policies will provide policy recommendations.

NO VOTE OF CONFIDENCE

The Presidential Government System sets forth a government model that is completely dependent on the Presidency with such a structure. The parliament becomes utterly ineffective in the new system as well. In the former system, the newly emerged government needed to win the vote of confidence in the parliament. In the past there was a method that forced the government or the ministers, who could not win the vote of confidence, to fall through a motion of non-confidence. No vote of confidence will be held for the cabinet within the new system.

Former State Minister Abdullatif Şener says: “This structure is an unhealthy structure. There is no mechanism which will dissolve this government even if they make the country go to war from all quarters, all hell breaks loose, 100 martyr funerals are hold in each neighborhood.”

THE PARLIAMENT BECOMES INEFFECTIVE

Even the parliament’s power to legislate is sort of being revoked. The in The Parliament will be sharing its legislative authority with the President. The Presidency will have ordinance power. Further, the power to prepare the budget, which was one of the most significant functions of the Parliament, is being transferred to the Presidency.

The changes, however, are not limited to these. The new title of the National Intelligence Agency will now be the “Directorate of National Intelligence.” The directorates associated with the presidency are: General Staff, Directorate of National Intelligence, Directorate of Defense Industries, National Security Council, Directorate of Religious Affairs, State Supervisory Council, Directorate of Communication, and the Directorate of Strategy and Budget.

NEW SYSTEM COMMENCES WITH THE PRESIDENTIAL OATH

The Presidential Government System officially commences on July 8. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan will take an oath in the parliament on July 8, thereby; the new system will officially begin. Erdoğan will then select cabinet members.